He exuberantly exclaimed that the second ball went "miles and miles and miles" in the low lunar gravity. The original planned time, 3:23 pm, was at the very start of the launch window of just under four hours; had Apollo 14 not launched during it, it could not have departed until March. [4], Photographs taken in 2009 by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter were released on July 17, and the Fra Mauro equipment was the most visible Apollo hardware at that time, owing to particularly good lighting conditions. The Apollo 14(AS-509) mission - manned by astronauts Alan B. Shepard, Jr., Stuart A. Roosa, and Edgar D. Mitchell - was launched from Pad A, Launch Complex 39, … The explosion damaged the other tank or its tubing, causing its contents to leak away. The Fra Mauro formation is composed of ejecta from the impact event that formed Mare Imbrium, and scientists hoped for samples that originated deep under the Moon's surface. [45] Also considered part of the spacecraft were the Launch Escape System and the Spacecraft/Launch Vehicle Adapter. Thermal … The quantity probe in each tank was upgraded from aluminum to stainless steel. This would prevent the low fuel light coming on prematurely, as had happened on Apollo 11 and 12. The fix made it appear to the system that an abort had already happened, and it would ignore incoming automated signals to abort. [122] The SM reentered Earth's atmosphere and was destroyed, though there was no tracking or sightings of it. Additionally, they consistently overestimated the distance they traveled. [89] Shepard brought along a six iron golf club head which he could attach to the handle of a lunar excavation tool, and two golf balls, and took several one-handed swings (due to the limited flexibility of the EVA suit). [80], Shepard stated, after stepping onto the lunar surface, "And it's been a long way, but we're here. Apollo 14 begann seinen Weg zum Mond von Cape Canaveral . [51], Other changes included the installation of anti-slosh baffles in the LM descent stage's propellant tanks. Security officer Dearmond Matthews prepares to open the door to the quarantined area. After recovery by the ship USS New Orleans,[113] the crew was flown to Pago Pago International Airport in Tafuna, then to Honolulu, then to Ellington Air Force Base near Houston in a plane containing a Mobile Quarantine Facility trailer before they continued their quarantine in the Lunar Receiving Laboratory. [66] The OPSs used on Apollo 14 were modified from those used on previous missions in that the internal heaters were removed as unnecessary. Most are breccias, which are rocks composed of fragments of other, older rocks. [68] Similarly, Shepard was the first on the lunar surface to wear a space suit with commander's stripes: red stripes on arms, legs, and on the helmet, though one had been worn by Lovell on Apollo 13. [119] The pin is leaving Earth and is approaching the Moon. The central station was a 25 kg box with a stowed volume of 34,800 cubic cm. Shepard, at age 47, was the oldest U.S. astronautto fly when he made his trip aboard Apoll… Despite concerns based on the docking problems early in the mission, the docking was successful on the first attempt, though the LM's Abort Guidance System, used for navigation, failed just before the two craft docked. The two seismometers would, in combination with those left by later Apollo missions, constitute a network of such instruments at different locations on the Moon. [114] They remained there until their release from quarantine on February 27, 1971. The total haul from the rim-flank of Cone ... was 16 Hasselblad photographs (out of a mission total of 417), six rock-size samples heavier than 50 g, and a grand total of 10 kg of samples, 9 kg of which are in one rock (sample 14321 [i.e., Big Bertha]).